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How can we create a quality product in Software Engineering using Agile Scrum Methodology?

How can we create a quality product in Software Engineering using Agile Scrum Methodology?


In this article we will be discussing about quality product creation in Software Engineering through Agile Scrum methodology.
In Software engineering, Software development process is division of Software Development work into different levels to improve both Product & Project Management. This also known as a software development life cycle (SDLC). The same is used in Web Development also.

These are six phases following in every Software development life cycle model:
?    Requirement gathering and analysis.
?    Design.
?    Implementation or coding.
?    Testing.
?    Deployment.
?    Maintenance.

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Most modern software development processes can be described using Agile methodology. Other methodologies which commonly heard are Waterfall model, V model, Prototyping model, Iterative and Incremental Development, Spiral Development, Rapid Application Development and Extreme Programming.

Now let us discuss Agile Scrum methodology in Software development and how it helps to create a quality product.

Do you know what is Scrum methodology in Agile?

First of all, I will tell you what is Agile.

Agile is a process that breaking project into several stages and conducting constant collaboration with stakeholders and continuous improvement and iteration at every stage. The Agile methodology begins with client description on how the end product will be used and what problem it will solve. It clarifies Customer's expectations to the project team. Once the work begins, teams cycle through a process of planning, executing, and evaluating — for required quality deliverable to fit the customer's needs better. Continuous collaboration among project stakeholders & team members is the key point to make effective decisions.

Scrum is a framework for managing projects using Agile methodology. It is iterative and incremental, which means that it asks a team to work for a short period of time called Sprint and then demonstrate real stuff as end-product at the end of each sprint.

Why Use Scrum?

1. Save time and money

With a responsible team, you can create wonders through Scrum. The ability to manage tasks in an organized way and have necessary planning to achieve them, make it a crucial tool to save time and money. Daily 15-minute meetings ensure that the process is at the correct stage.

2. Encourages teamwork

With the effective division and assignment of roles and tasks, this methodology helps us to work successfully on a project.

3. Ease of use

The integration of all the parties involved in a project is successfully achieved through this methodology. The management of Scrum is simple and easy to handle for all stages. It is efficient by recording of work done and its monitoring.


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When to use Scrum?

Scrum methodology is used in a project where the requirements are rapidly changing. The Scrum Framework usually deals with the fact that the conditions are likely to change quickly or most of the time unpredictable outcomes at the start of the project. 

Scrum is based on the following 3 pillars.


?    Roles in Scrum:

Product Owner
Product Owner is the person who defines features of the product and decides the release date and corresponding features. They prioritize the features according to the market value and profitability of the product. He is responsible for the profitability of product.Ultimate decision on accepting or rejecting the developed product is upto Product Owner.

Scrum Master
Scrum master manages & coordinates the team and look after the team's productivity. He Invites all to the daily scrum, sprint review and planning meetings and shields team from external interferences.

The development team is usually about 5-9 members which includes developers, designer and testers, etc. Team has right to do everything within the boundaries of the project to meet the sprint goal. They all actively participate in daily ceremonies. The team organizes and schedule their work on their own.

?    Artifacts:

User stories are short explanation of feature/functionalities of the system under test. 

Product Backlog
It is a collection of user stories which describes features to be implemented for the product development. The product backlog is prepared and managed by the Product Owner.

Sprint Backlog
It's a set of user stories which are selected to complete in a sprint. It is managed by the team while the estimated work remaining is updated daily. It is the list of tasks/features that has to be finished within the specified Sprint.


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Burn-down chart
Burn-down chart represents overall picture of the work in progress and work completed. The Stories and features which are not completed in sprint are represented in a graph format.

?    Agile Ceremonies:

In Scrum, the low-level requirements are only defined at the beginning of time. In this methodology, changes and optimizations of requirements, product and processes are an integral part of the project.

The Scrum process encourages team members to evaluate what is working well and what is not. Communication is essential for the scrum process. It is carried out through meetings called Ceremonies. Scrum Events include:

Sprint Planning Meeting
Sprint refers to the time frame in which work must be completed, generally its 2-4 weeks. In this sprint plan meeting, each team member should help to set the goals at the beginning itself. In the end, at least one increment of quality software should be produced.

Sprint Retrospective Meeting
A Sprint Retrospective meeting take place at the end of each Sprint hosted by Scrum Master. Main points in this meeting are each team member self-identifies elements of the process that did or did not work during the sprint, along with potential solutions. The major goal of a Sprint Retrospective is continuous improvement. It lasts for 2-4 hours depends on Sprint duration.

Daily Scrum:

The Daily Scrum is a small meeting that happens at the same place and time each day with not more than 30mins. Here in this meeting each team member should discuss what you have done yesterday, what you are going to do today & any Impediments /Challenges.

Agile Scrum Framework at a glance:

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