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Top 5 trending technologies in 2019

Top 5 trending technologies in 2019

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI)

Artificial Intelligence or AI is an intelligent machine created to think, work, or react like humans. Wikipedia defines AI as 'any device that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its goals. To simplify, we can define AI as a simulation of human intelligence processed by machines to correctly interpret the external environmental data and learn from these data and use these learning, in doing certain tasks. Now AI has taken its place everywhere, from our smartphones to our homes to our cars, AI is everywhere. Applications of Artificial intelligence include speech recognition, problem-solving, image recognition, learning, planning, ability to manipulate objects, sentiment analysis, etc.

Some examples of AI technologies

  • Automation
  • Machine learning
  • Machine vision
  • Robotics
  • Self-driving cars

Some AI applications

  • AI in healthcare
  • AI in business
  • AI in education
  • AI in finance
  • AI in manufacturing

BLOCKCHAIN

Blockchain is a list of records linked using cryptography that is managed by a cluster of computers. Don & Alex Tapscott explains blockchain as "it is an incorruptible digital ledger of economic transactions that can be programmed to record not just financial transactions but virtually everything of value." The identity behind the invention of blockchain is still unknown. It is known that blockchain was invented using the name Satoshi Nakamoto in 2008.

The blockchain database isn't stored in any single location, and it is hosted by millions of computers simultaneously. There would be no centralized version of this data so it would be impossible for a hacker to corrupt the data. Anyone on the internet can access this data.

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There are mainly three reasons why the blockchain has gained so much attention

  • It is decentralized since a single entity does not own it,
  • The data is stored inside cryptographically
  • The blockchain is unchangeable, so it impossible for someone to tamper with the data stored inside the blockchain
  • The block is accessible to anyone on the internet so one can track the data if wanted.

So, the three main properties that have helped blockchain to gain widespread acclaim is:

  1. Decentralization
  2. Transparency
  3. Immutability

Augmented reality (AR)

Augmented reality is an enhanced version of reality. AR is something that makes real-world environment modified by computer-generated objects that are present in many areas, from driving, aviation to gaming. It is done by superimposing a computer-generated image on a real-world view and provides an enhanced version of reality. Augmented reality provides an interactive real-world experience where the surrounding objects in the environment are enhanced using virtual objects. Simply AR is the blending of digital elements to the real-world environments. One of the most famous augmented reality games is the Pokémon go. It was AR-based gaming in which we try to catch the Pokémon in the real world. It's not the same as VR. VR creates a whole artificial environment to replace with a virtual one; instead, in AR it adds sounds, graphic, videos to an existing environment. By playing this game, the people would have a basic idea of augmented reality.

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Currently, there are four types of augmented reality

  1. Markerless AR
  2. Marker-based AR
  3. Projection-based AR
  4. Superimposition based AR

As the AR dominated in most of the aspects, there are many applications of AR:

  • AR in gaming
  • AR in education
  • AR in healthcare
  • AR in military
  • AR in Industrial design, etc.
  • AR in eLearning development

Virtual reality (VR)

Virtual reality or VR is an artificial reality that is entirely different from the real world. VR is used for educational purposes, gaming, entertainment, etc. VR with the use of computer technology places the user inside a simulated experience. The specialty of VR is that it is not viewed in front of a screen; instead, users are immersed into an artificial world with 3D objects, and the user is able to interact with the Virtual world. Virtual reality allows users to regenerate a 3D image or environment which can interact with the physical environment by using a set of electronic devices. VR and AR are like the two sides of a coin. VR creates an artificial environment, and AR simulates artificial objects into the real-world. By the year 2019, currently, there is three company who provide the best virtual reality headsets.

  1. Sony's PlayStation
  2. VR Facebook Oculus Rift
  3. HTC Vive

There are many applications of virtual reality. With proper research, engineering, and design, the uses of VR are endless. Here is the list of some of the many virtual reality applications.

  • VR in military
  • VR in healthcare
  • VR in fashion
  • VR in sports
  • VR in scientific visualization
  • VR in education
  • VR in entertainment

Internet of Things (IoT)

Iot is a large network of devices connected together, and the data are collected and shared into the internet. In Iot, they use sensors to gather the information, and these data from the different source are used to address specific needs. Basically, IoT is a network of physical entities it can be anything like a ball, appliances, vehicles, etc. are connected to microcontrollers, sensors, and APIs to connect and exchange data over the internet. There are many benefits of IoT. Here are some benefits of using IoT.

  • Better performance
  • Real-time interaction
  • Reduced human efforts
  • Efficient resource utilization
  • High-quality data

By the introduction of IoT for better efficiency and better productivity, IoT has many applications today. Here are some of the applications of IoT

  • IoT in eLearning
  • IoT in healthcare
  • IoT in education
  • IoT in business
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Author Biography.

Akshay
Akshay

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